Within four months of its implementation, President Trump and Prime Minister Abe will relocate their efforts for a broader trade deal. This broader agreement aims to cover both tariff and non-tariff barriers, including tariffs and restrictions on trade in services and investment. The Digital Trade Agreement is a separate agreement that sets rules in the digital space.15 The content of the Digital Trade Agreement is virtually the same as the provisions of the U.S.-Mexico-Canada agreement (USMCA). Notable provisions include a ban on tariffs on electronically transmitted content (e.g. B software and music) and the recognition of an electronic signature as a legally appropriate authentication tool. This is important as the World Trade Organization (WTO) electronic transfer moratorium is to be renewed at the 12th Ministerial Conference in June 2020 (see the next issue of EY tradewatch for a corresponding article). U.S. President Donald Trump signed a proclamation on December 26, 2019, in which he implemented two separate trade agreements with Japan (together the agreements) 1. The U.S.-Japan trade agreement (trade agreement) will abolish or reduce tariffs on agricultural and industrial products and set preferential quotas for U.S. products.
The Digital Trade Agreement between the United States and Japan is a separate agreement between the two countries, which will provide guidance for priority areas of digital trade. The agreements came into force on January 1, 2020 and are expected to serve as the basis for further negotiations for a broader free trade agreement between the United States and Japan2. Products using materials from other countries may also be considered depending on the type of product and the classification of the customs code. For many of these products, the standard rule is a change in the tariff classification at the chapter or double-digit level (for example. B, HS 10 cereal with SH 11 flour), which occurs in the United States. Products subject to different rules are described in Appendix 1 of the treaty text.