Safe Third Country Agreement Eli5

These denunciations would create bureaucratic challenges in the context between the United States and Mexico. Migration officials in both countries should determine both the validity of asylum claims and the appropriate country for these applications. In addition, the United States would likely have to impose additional amendments to deport Central Americans to Mexico to seek asylum. The agreement signed in 2002 was aimed at managing the influx of refugees between countries. But interest associations and lawyers have long expressed reservations about the agreement. In particular, the legislation requires that the review of a particular country be based on the following four factors: a Canadian court on Wednesday struck down the country`s safe third country agreement with the United States, the provisions of the law violating Canada`s constitutional guarantees of life, liberty and security. NINE: Canada gives the United States a say in our resettlement program in exchange for the agreement In exchange for the signing of this agreement, the United States will have a say when refugees are relocated to Canada under a secret secondary agreement. By allowing the United States to direct refugees to resettlement, Canada has the right to decide which refugees should be most likely to be resettled. Ironically, the United States now has more power to identify refugees for resettlement than Canadian immigration officers who, under the new law, cannot consider resettling refugees if they have not been transferred. Refugee advocates in Canada are calling for the suspension or revocation of the STCA because they fear that the United States will no longer be safe for refugees.

They argue that the U.S. government`s recent restrictive executive orders on immigration and refugees are reason enough to suggest that the country could be dangerous to refugees. An executive order (which many critics considered a travel ban) suspended all refugee applications by 120 days. While the possibility of an agreement between the United States and Mexico on a safe third country has not attracted much public attention in both countries, the Trump administration has consistently advanced the idea of Mexican officials. The initiative began in April, when hundreds of migrants travelling in a caravan crossed from Mexico to the United States. Homeland Security Minister Kirstjen Nielsen issued a statement this month saying the Department of Homeland Security „encourages people with asylum or similar claims to seek protection in the first safe country they enter, including Mexico.“ Nielsen repeated this message during his may 15 testimony before the Senate Homeland Security Subcommittee. This encouragement eventually became a more restrictive political proposal, in which U.S. and Mexican officials discussed a possible agreement on safe third countries during U.S. officials` trip to Mexico in May and a trip in July. „I think it is significant for the judiciary to reflect on these broader implications of what this agreement does for people`s human rights,“ she said. But when the number of people applying for refugees between ports of entry exploded two years ago – from 23,350 in 2016 to more than 47,000 in 2017 – the agreement and loophole that push these claims forward suddenly became much more important.